A recent study of the Cradle to Grave program revealed that it produced significant improvements in at-risk youth’s beliefs about the use of violence. One possible explanation for our program’s effectiveness is its ability to successfully simulate the physical and emotional realities of gun violence that often lead to a change in attitudes among traumatically injured patients. According to research, the time following an injury can provide a teachable moment or a unique opportunity during which a person may be particularly susceptible to interventions that prevent future injuries. The vicarious experience the program provides succeeds in creating these "teachable moments" that are comparable to those awakened in actual trauma patients. This theory is certainly supported by data showing that gunshot patients in our city rarely experience subsequent gunshot incidents following their initial injuries.